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Inflammatory Bowel Disease IBD


Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) covers a group of disorders where the intestines are inflamed.

As mentioned in an earlier post (chronic inflammation) IBD is probably an immune reaction of the body against its own intestinal tissue being acutely inflamed which consequently becomes chronically inflamed.

Some people may have a genetic predisposition to the condition who will often also have IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).

The condition may be broken down into two major types:

1. Ulcerative Colitis which is an inflammation in the large intestine (colon)

2. Crohn's disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, but generally is found in the small intestine



Causes and Symptoms

Because certain conditions turn on the body’s immune system including an infectious agent , environmental toxicity, adverse lifestyle, diet this can initiate a chronic inflammation reaction in the body.Diet and lifestyle are generally the most common triggers in most people. A high carbohydrate diet is certainly not helpful.

When the intestines are exposed to certain inciting agents it can cause an immune reaction where there is a failure of the body to turn off normal immune responses. And this can manifest as a chronic inflammation in the body as IBD.

Symptoms may include:

·       Severe urgency to have a bowel movement

·       Abdominal cramps and pain

·       Loss of appetite

·       Fever/Weight Loss

·        Anaemia

The consequences of IBD can include:      

  • Malignant cancers ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s Disease may rise significantly after approximately 8-10 years of diagnosis.
  • Obstruction in the intestine for both Crohn’s and Ulcerative Colitis sufferers may occur.
  • Fistula may occur in persons with Crohn's disease which may require surgical intervention.
  • Profuse bledding from the ulcers
  • Perforation (rupture) of the bowel

 Extra intestinal complications

      Some with IBD also may have arthritis, skin conditions, and inflammation of the eye, liver and kidney disorders. Of all the extra intestinal complications, arthritis appears to be the most common.

A sub group of patients may contract an infection which contributes to inflammatory bowel disease. This particular group of patients may benefit from antibiotic therapy to treat the condition.

 Anemia is a common symptom in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease could be due to blood loss from bleeding ulcers, bloody diarrhea.

Inflammation-page

Treatment :

Usually the treatment is started by administering drugs or with high anti-inflammatory effects.Astaxanthin, Serrapeptase, Krill,

Plenty of dark green vegetables : spinach kale will help.

Try a piece of dark chocolate  as its high in magnesium-another excellent anti-inflammatory agent.

Once the inflammation is successfully controlled, the patient is usually switched to a lighter drug to keep the disease in remission.

The key is identifying the cause and treating this with appropriate anti-inflammatory treatments.

Cannabis

In 2005 The New Scientist published a joint study by Bristol University and the University of Bath on the apparent healing power of cannabis on inflammatory bowel disease .

It indicated cannabis may ease the symptoms of the disease  because of the existence of cannabinoid receptors in the intestinal lining, which respond to molecules in the plant-derived chemicals.

There is mounting evidence to suggest cannabinoid receptors exist in the endothelial cells which are special layer of cells lining the gut.

The endothelial cells seem to regrow and repair the lining of the gut where damage has occurred.

A research team deliberately damaged the cells to cause inflammation of the gut lining and then added synthetically produced cannabinoids(cannabis) and the result was that gut started to heal with the broken cells repaired.

This process of damage appears to set off a wound-healing reaction, and when people use cannabis, the cannabinoids bind to these receptors in the same way that would mimic the healing reaction in a normal healthy gut which performs the same process without the cannabis.

These receptors which also respond to chemicals in cannabis may have a role in suppressing the overactive immune system when it recognises chronic inflammation and starts attacking it by mopping up these excess cells.

Chronic inflammation may exist if the endothelial cells are not able to repair the damaged lining for some chemical reason.

As a result of the inflammatory reaction, the intestinal wall is damaged leading to bloody dirrorhea and abdominal pain.


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