Bladder Cancer


Bladder Cancer

Urothelial cancer or sometimes called transitional cell carcinoma(TCC) is a cancer of the urothelium. This is a layer of special cells lining the urinary tract,renal pelvis,ureters ,bladder and the urethra.

(Not to be confused with the endothelium which is also the thin layer of cells lining the interior surface of blood vessels and endothelial cells and lymphatic vessels. The cells that form the endothelium are called endothelial cells. Endothelial cells in direct contact with blood are called vascular endothelial cells, whereas those in direct contact with lymph are known as lymphatic endothelial cells.)

In the United States, bladder cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in men and the ninth most common cancer in women. More than 50,000 men and 16,000 women are diagnosed with the disease cancer each year.

Symptoms

Symptoms of bladder cancer may include, but may not always indicate the condition is present as they are also representative of other conditions relating to incontinence, uro-genital inflammation and infections and the like.

Blood in urine

Painful or tender feeling in the bone

Frequent urination

Urge to urinate

Pain when urinating

Urine leaking

Weight loss

Fatigue

Abdominal pain


Causes

By a margin of over 50% all bladder cancers are caused by tobacco smoking in most places in the world with a higher percentage of men affected than women

A study over 10 years found men who drank 1.5 litres of water per day or more had a significantly reduced incidence of the disease, compared with men who drank less than around 1 cup per day. This may relate to the concentration of toxins present in the bladder for a period longer (referred to as ‘dwell time’) than normal because of less fluid in the body may mean less urgency to urinate and flush the toxins out.

30% of bladder tumors result from occupational exposure to carcinogens such as: dye workers, pest applicators bus drivers, mechanics, rubber industry workers, shoe manufacturers, blacksmiths, hairdressers –because of exposure to hair dyes, and exposure to certain chemicals like Naphtylamine and benzidine.

Chemotherapy: The chemotherapy drug (Cytoxan) cyclophosphamide may increase the risk of bladder cancer. However there are medicines available to minimise the risk.

Radiation treatment: Men and Women who experienced radiation therapy for cervical cancer or prostate cancer have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.

Bladder Infection: A long-term (chronic) bladder infection or irritation may lead to a certain type of bladder cancer.


 Prevention

Several studies have suggested the bladder is one of the most responsive organs able to induce a process of detoxifying itself by extracting toxins.

This means the bladder can detoxify the body  of poisons and toxins and can do so by remineralising the body with important minerals like potassium, magnesium along with other essential minerals for the body. 

A two-step process of eliminating toxins as well as providing essential minerals needed to keep the body including the liver operating effectively.

The process of drinking clean water at least 2.0 litres a day helps rehydrate the body, rid it of toxins and also help in detoxifying the body. This may take several weeks and months to do but it is important to stress the value of keeping the body always hydrated with plenty of clean water. We are cells of fluid that in order to function properly must have sufficient water to do so. 

Eating vegetables with high sulphur content like broccoli can also help.

 Diagnosis

Patients with a history, signs, and symptoms suspicious for bladder cancer are referred to a physician who may perform a cystoscopy- a procedure where a tube holding a miniature camera is introduced into the bladder through the urethra to look for any suspicious lesions. It may also take a sample for performing a biopsy for analysis.

Treatment

90% of bladder cancers are Urothelial cancers occurring in the urinary system: the kidney,bladder, and accessory organs. The other 10% are secondary deposits from cancers elsewhere in the body.

Tumours entering into the bladder may require radical surgery where part or the entire bladder is removed and the urinary stream is diverted into an isolated bowel loop by creating a substitute bladder from a segment of intestinal tissue.

Any cancer is always a matter of concern to anyone unlucky to experience it, but as mentioned at the beginning of this post most of these cancers are caused by lifestyle such as smoking, alcohol consumption, lifestyle and failure to look after one’s body.

There is with some a genetic predisposition if someone is unlucky enough to inherit this scenario. In that event it is important to know that factor and to remain vigilant of anything out of the ordinary which may indicate something not quite normal

Often if the cancer is advanced this naturally reduces options but a combination of  radiation and chemotherapy can also be used to treat invasive disease. In the writers opinion this can increase the damage to the bladder and it is still not clear if these procedures actually have any benefit long term. The argument from the medical proffession is for it does benefit patients ,but often the  ody is so badly damaged from chemo and radiation it sometimes beyond the point of some individuals recovering. 

The key here is to look after your bladder:

Drink plenty of clean water everyday

Stop smoking

Avoid chemicals, toxins, pesticides, hormones, and the like and if you must use them minimise your exposure to them by protection by covering your body completely and mouth and nose and eyes.

Eat good fresh vegetables

Avoid excess alcohol

Take care of your body.

These are the best and easiest things each of us can do to avoid bladder cancer.

Survival Rates

Depending on detection time and will determine the relative survival rate of bladder cancer victims.

The Cancer Institute  categorises 5 stages of bladder cancer with survival rates derived from 1000s of patients so it should only be used as a guide for each individual.

Stage 0  98% Survival

Stage 1  88% Survival

Stage 2  63% Survival

Stage 3 46% Survival

Stage 4  15% Survival

No symptom out of the ordinary should be discounted .If you notice blood in your urine get it checked straight away.


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